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The English Gothic novel also led to new novel types such as the German Schauerroman and the French Georgia.The basic plot created many other staple Gothic generic traits, including a threatening mystery and an ancestral curse, as well as countless trappings such as hidden passages and oft-fainting heroines.Radcliffe's novels, above all The Mysteries of Udolpho (1794), were best-sellers.However, along with most novels at the time, they were looked down upon by many well-educated people as sensationalist nonsense.The name Gothic refers to the (pseudo)-medieval buildings, emulating Gothic architecture, in which many of these stories take place.This extreme form of romanticism was very popular in England and Germany.
Matthew Lewis' lurid tale of monastic debauchery, black magic and diabolism entitled The Monk (1796) offered the first continental novel to follow the conventions of the Gothic novel.
Though Lewis's novel could be read as a pastiche of the emerging genre, self-parody had been a constituent part of the Gothic from the time of the genre's inception with Walpole's Otranto.
Lewis's portrayal of depraved monks, sadistic inquisitors and spectral nuns—and his scurrilous view of the Catholic Church—appalled some readers, but The Monk was important in the genre's development.
The genre had much success in the 19th century, as witnessed by Mary Shelley's Frankenstein and the works of Edgar Allan Poe as well as Charles Dickens with his novella, A Christmas Carol.
Another well known novel in this genre, dating from the late Victorian era, is Bram Stoker's Dracula.
Walpole's forgery, together with the blend of history and fiction, contravened the principles of the Enlightenment and associated the Gothic novel with fake documentation.